Archaeologists believe that the world’s oldest lunar “calendar” has been discovered! Excavations of a field at Crathes Castle in Scotland found a series of 12 pits which appear to mimic the phases of the moon and track lunar months. The University of Birmingham suggested the ancient monument was created by hunter-gatherers for over 10,000 years ago! At Warren field, the pit alignment was first excavated in 2004. The Mesolithic calendar is thousands of years older than the previous only time-measuring monuments created in Mesopotamia.
The pit alignment found aligns with the Midwinter sunrise to provide the hunter-gatherers with an annual “astronomic correction” in order to follow the passage of time and changing seasons better. The leader of the analysis project was Vince Gaffney, Professor of Landscape Archaeology at Birmingham. Gaffney stated, “The evidence suggests that hunter-gatherer societies had both the need and sophistication to track time across the years, to correct for seasonal drift of the lunar year and that this occurred nearly 5,000 years before the first formal calendars known in the Near East. In doing so, this illustrates one important step towards the formal construction of time and therefore history itself.” Included on the project were the Universities of St. Andrews, Leicester and Bradford. Dr. Richard Bates, of the University of St. Andrews said,”This is the earliest example of such a structure and there is no known comparable site in Britain or Europe for several thousands of years after the monument at Warren Field was constructed.”
The Warren Field site was first discovered as unusual crop marks spotted from the air by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS). David Cowley, aerial survey projects manager at RCAHMS stated, “We have been taking photographs of the Scottish landscape for nearly 40 years, recording thousands of archaeological sites. Warren Field stands out as something special and it is remarkable to think that our aerial survey may have helped to find the place where time itself was invented.”